Prior, Matthew

(1664-1721)
   Thought to have been the son of a joiner from Wimborne, Dorset, he was educated at Westminster School and St. John's College, Cambridge, from where he graduated B.A. in 1686. Two years later was made a fellow there. A diplomat, he was present at the Hague during the negotiations for the Treaty of Ryswick, 1697, which settled the War of the Grand Alliance. In 1711, he was sent to Paris as a se320 cret agent at the time of the negotiation for the Treaty of Utrecht, which was dubbed "Matt's Peace." After the death of Queen Anne, he was impeached and spent a year in prison, but used his time to write poetry. He retired from the diplomatic service to Down Hall, not very far from Harlow, Essex. His monument is in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. At his request he was buried at the feet of Edmund Spenser. "Solomon on the Vanity of the World" (1719) ridicules various systems of philosophy. Some of his other poems: "Advice to the Painter," "Cautious Alice," "Daphne and Apollo," "Pontius and Pontia," "The Advice of Venus," "The Chameleon," "The Wandering Pilgrim."
   Sources: Anthology of Poems on Affairs of State: Augustan Satirical Verse, 1660-1714. George de F. Lord, ed. Yale University Press, 1975. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Erotic Poetry: The Lyrics, Ballads, Idylls, and Epics of LoveClassical to Contemporary. William Cole, ed. Random House, 1963. Fellow Mortals: An Anthology of Animal Verse. Roy Fuller, ed. Macdonald and Evans, 1981. Poets of the English Language, Vol. III. W.H. Auden and Norman Holmes Pearson, eds. Viking Press, 1950. Selected Poems of Matthew Prior. Austin Dobson, ed. Kegan Paul, Trench and Co., 1889. Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources (http://library.stanford.edu). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Poetical Works of Matthew Prior: Volume I and 2, Little, Brown, and Company, 1854. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Prior, Matthew — (spr. prai er), engl. Dichter, geb. 21. Juli 1664 in Abbot Street (Dorsetshire), gest. 18. Sept. 1721 in Wimpole, dem Wohnsitz des Lords Oxford, studierte, vom Earl von Dorset unterstützt, in Cambridge und verfaßte hier in Gemeinschaft mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • PRIOR, MATTHEW —    English poet and diplomatist, born near Wimborne, East Dorset; studied at Cambridge; became Fellow of Trinity College; was ambassador to France; involved himself in an intrigue, was imprisoned, and on his release lived in retirement; he is… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Prior, Matthew — (1664 1721)    Poet, b. near Wimborne Minster, Dorset, s. of a joiner who, having d., he was ed. by an uncle, and sent to Westminster School. Befriended by the Earl of Dorset he proceeded to Camb., and while there wrote, jointly with Charles… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Matthew Prior — (* 21. Juli 1664 in London; † 18. September 1721 in Wimpole) war ein englischer Schriftsteller und Diplomat. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Matthew Prior — For the Sussex and England cricketer, see Matt Prior. Matthew Prior Matthew Prior (21 July 1664 – 18 September 1721) was an English poet and diplomat. Prior was the son of a Nonconformist joiner at Wimborne Minster, East Dorset. His fath …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Prior — (né le 21 juillet 1664 – mort le 18 septembre 1721) est un poète et un diplomate anglais de l’époque de la Restauration. Matthew Prior par Thomas Hudson …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Matthew Prior — (21 de julio de 1664 18 de septiembre de 1721) fue un poeta y diplomático inglés de la época de la restauración. Matthew Prior. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

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